Kirby Dick The Film is Not Yet Rated Interview


Kirby Dick The Film is Not Yet Rated Interview

UNCOVERING HOLLYWOODS RATINGS SYSTEM

EXCLUSIVE by Paul Fischer in Los Angeles.

A breakthrough investigation into Hollywood's best-kept secret: the MPAA film ratings system and its profound impact on American culture, The Film is Not Yet Rated, offers audiences a rare glimpse into a world unfamiliar to the masses. Director Kirby Dick is one of Americas foremost documentarians, and this film is causing quite the controversy. He talked exclusively to Paul Fischer.

Paul Fischer: Was one of the reasons why you made this film what you saw as a backlash against what was going on with the independent film movement in terms of the rating system?

Kirby Dick: Yeah, I would say that. I mean Ive been wanting to make a film on the rating system for more than ten years, and in large part because of the way the independent films have been rated unfairly, over the last twenty years or so. I didnt feel that I could because they were so secretive that there was really no way to get any information out about the system, but then when I hit upon the idea of hiring a private investigator to find out who the people were on the ratings board I realized that would give me two things - one it would give me a very nice narrative arc, to be able to use sort of a Verite approach since I come out of that kind of filmmaking, and also that it would sort of be a kind of a strike at tat this secrecy to out the very people that theyve been trying to keep secret for more than thirty years. But youre absolutely right. I feel that Im an independent filmmaker and I think there is, in many ways something oppressive about, the studios control of 95% of the film business, and this is just one example of it.


Paul Fischer: How reluctant were the private investigators that you contacted to be involved in a film in which they would be on camera?

Kirby Dick: Surprisingly not.


Paul Fischer: Really?

Kirby Dick: I think reality TV and, being around, in the vicinity of Hollywood, I mean they were all actually, pretty enamored by that. And I kind of expected that.


Paul Fischer: But you didnt expect the kind of reaction by the studios or by people representing the studios to have absolutely nothing to do with this right.

Kirby Dick: Well, studios I guess I reserve judgment on, but there were independent filmmakers who were actually reluctant, and some who chose not to go on film because they were afraid that their next film would be rated more harshly, and as you said, no one in the studios would speak to us on camera.


Paul Fischer: Now I find that rather curious because if independent filmmakers are being screwed over anyway by the rating system, what would it hurt for them to talk out about that very system?

Kirby Dick: Well thats what I thought but heres two reasons one, theyre concerned about how their films will be rated because its such a mysterious process and theres no sort of recourse at all toward a negative decision that they did not want to be seen as troublemakers and get a harsher rating than they deserved. But also I think people were afraid of going up against the MPAA to some degree because most of the filmmakers I talked to if theyre not working in the studios right now may end up working with the specialty divisions of the studios. People feel very exposed and very vulnerable in the film business and I think just people are being cautious.


Paul Fischer: Given the fact that this was such an anonymous system and those who do the ratings are defined almost by their anonymity, what does this movie do to their jobs at this point? I mean were you at all concerned that these people would actually be fired for having been visibilised, as it were, in the movie?

Kirby Dick: I had some concern about that, but t dont think its affected them at all. I mean I think that as far as we know theyre all there. Theres been no indication at all that, any of these people have been fired because theyre no longer anonymous, which sort of puts the light in one way to the studios claim how important anonymity is. But I felt as a journalist, that if a system is for the public it should be public, and I feel that its my job as a journalist really to put this information out, if theyre making decisions that are important to the public.


Paul Fischer: Why do you think Americans are so prudish in terms of sexuality? They have no problem with the most extraordinary degree of violence that occurs on screen.

Kirby Dick: Oh, wow. Thats a subject of an entirely another film. I mean what were talking about here in these films, the scenes and shots that give them an NC-17 are so tame. mean as John Waters points out, in a split second you can get or kids can get access to much more, horrific images on the internet. I dont know. I mean obviously theres somewhat of a puritan background in this country. I think in some ways violence has been marketed and therefore, has been sort of assumed to be American. Actually I dont think thats so true though. From parents perspectives, I know many, many parents who are most upset with the rating system because theres no indication, theres no real examination and a kind of a proper analysis of whats violence in film. Its just the opposite in the European rating system where theyre much more concerned about violence than sex. But of course the reason they dont is because thats where they make their money. They make their money on marketing adolescents and so theyre going to make sure that those films get through with less restrictive ratings. Their competition, which is foreign films and independent films, tend to make films about adult sexuality and so they get slapped with a more restrictive rating. Its a win/win situation for the studios.


Paul Fischer: What system would you like to have? A censorship system?

Kirby Dick: Oh theres a number of things. Personally I honestly think that you dont really have to restrict children from going to see films, they will go see the films that they want to see. If a parent wants a child to go see The Cooler when theyre 16 years old, or a Dirty Shame or whatever, I think its up to the parent to decide rather than a group of ten anonymous people in Los Angeles. But also I think children will decide themselves. I mean theyll go see it and theyll say its not for me and thats how theyll learn a certain amount of media literacy. Children arent going to rush off to see stuff... First of all, as John Waters said, the last thing an adolescent is going to go see is an art film to begin with. So if they do happen to walk into, Boys Dont Cry its probably a good thing. So I personally dont think there should be any real restrictions on what people see.


Paul Fischer: But knowing that thats never going to happen in our lifetime then what would you think would be an ideal practical solution?

Kirby Dick: Well I think that in other countries it works better because the NC-17 doesnt have the stigma associated with it and the studios could change that with their marketing muscle, because right now as soon as a film gets an NC-17 not only is it restricted in terms of its distribution and marketing but it also gets this something attached to it that says its sensationalistic and audiences, I think, stay away from it. I think for example, if a Dirty Shame was an R rated film it would have been treated like Team America, something pushing the envelope, a funny comedy, in this case somewhat extreme sexuality but nothing, very graphic - and it would have been fine. So I think either another rating between R and NC-17 that doesnt have that stigma or change the NC-17 rating so that it doesnt have a stigma I think would address that issue.


Paul Fischer: Do you see parents coming on board and lobbying the MPAA? Do you think that life will change?

Kirby Dick: I know that within the industry there is behind the scenes kind of, discussions with the MPAA to change things and, Im hopeful. Im very hopeful that there will be some changes made, but it is a system that really benefits the studios financially, and thats why its in place. So its going to take a lot of pressure I think from a lot of different sources.


Paul Fischer: You yourself as a filmmaker, I guess, are currently between a rock and a hard place. I mean your movie is getting a lot of positive reviews and it will probably do well as a documentary feature but the studios are clearly going to be reluctant to want to hire you I would imagine. Is that true?

Kirby Dick: Well it depends on how much money the film makes. If the film makes a lot of money Ill be fine.

[Laughter]

Kirby Dick: Its a bottom line business. These are not moral issues, at all for the studios.


Paul Fischer: Do you care?

Kirby Dick: Do I care? [Pause]. I dont know. Im willing to take that risk. a lot of my films have been risky in different ways. I just feel like Im in a position where as a filmmaker if I start censoring myself and not taking the risk that I need to take, I might as well be in a different business.


The Film is Not Yet Rated

Starring: Todd Solondz, John Waters, Darren Aronofsky, Kimberly Peirce, Kevin Smith, Allison Anders, Maria Bello, Atom Egoyan, Mary Harron, Wayne Kramer
Director: Kirby Dick

Passionate cinephiles can be found casting quizzical glances at the erratic and often conflicting decisions made by the Motion Picture Association of America (MPAA) as they slap ratings onto movies. So in an attempt to make sense of their working methods--which, until now, have remained shrouded in mystery--one of those cinephiles, Kirby Dick (TWIST OF FAITH), has made this full-length motion picture about the inner workings of the MPAA.

Dick begins by examining the MPAA's set-up as an anonymous group that is exclusively funded by the major Hollywood studios. Fundamentally established to prevent children's eyes from seeing anything society would consider unsuitable, the MPAA has blossomed into a powerful force, with the difference between an R and an NC-17 rating possibly leading to millions of dollars forfeited at the box office. Actors and directors such as John Waters, Maria Bello, Mary Harron, and Kevin Smith offer their forthright opinions on these decisions, and Dick highlights many of the clips that have fallen foul of the censors. The director also compares and contrasts similar scenes from indie pictures and films produced by major studios, with the latter seemingly allowed far more leniency when it comes to avoiding the dreaded NC-17. In a wonderful twist that adds a strong narrative structure to the film, Dick hires a private detective to hunt down the MPAA's members, thereby lifting the curtain on who these shadowy figures actually are. But the real cherry on the top of Dick's movie is his submission of THIS FILM HAS NOT YET BEEN RATED to the MPAA, which helps highlight the appeals process, and reveals the involvement of the Catholic Church and major cinema chains across the country. Entertaining and informative, Dick's movie is everything a documentary should be. Revelations come thick and fast throughout, and the director skillfully creates a palpable feeling of injustice that will leave many viewers feeling the MPAA is in urgent need of a drastic overhaul.


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